Statistical data collected from various regions indicate that juvenile delinquency is largely associated with the involvement of organized groups or gangs, resulting in three quarters of all offenses being carried out by members. But, nevertheless, the average intelligence of the delinquent group is lower than the average intelligence of the normal group. Juvenile Delinquency, Treatment, and Interventions Essay Juvenile delinquency is a societal problem since it threatens many families and communities in general. One has to remember that changes are to be made from negative to positive outlooks and values of life. Introduction. They are given various craft and other vocational training to earn their livelihood, once they are rehabilitated in the society. Home — Essay Samples — Law — Juvenile Crime — Juvenile Delinquency: The Violence of Today This essay has been submitted by a student. The schools also develop a number of group activities to change the ego and super ego of these children. While it was 16,160 in 1961, it was, 40,666 in 1974. When the father is mostly busy with his own work and commitments or in other works, and if he plays a submissive role in the family, the mother takes over the function of providing affection and discipline of the boy. The effect of social disintegration, erosion of values, lack of sense of social sacrifice and commitment for the society may make many children social rejects. Long ago, an Italian Scientist Lumbroso made certain empirical studies on crime, and held that criminals have defective physical structure and defective intelligence. Those children who usually become the members of the gang have often little or no parental guidance. Various observations, case histories and interviews have indicated that quite a high percentage of the delinquents displayed emotional disturbances. It is found that even 50 per cent of the delinquents come from lower strata of the society with very poor economic background and hand to mouth living standard. Delinquents lack ethical standards and emotional ties. Juvenile Delinquency Essay. They found rebelliousness, inadequacy, impulsiveness, instability and immature characteristics commonly found in the psychopathic personality. In this essay we will discuss about Juvenile Delinquency. Essay Sample: I would have to apply a theory after reading the study, the reason for this is that he’s a loner and plus he has a group that he hangs out with at lunch. Incidence 4. But this is not applicable to all children staying in the crowded localities. Just to fulfil their aggressive and sadistic tendency they may drive their car to a small distance, break some parts of the car and leave it there. They do not know what to accept and what to reject. Though, mainly boys are involved in delinquency, now a days it is found that girls are also actively engaged in this antisocial work. In an important study, Heary and Gold (1973) found significant relationship between social status and delinquent behaviour. According to Friedlander, delinquent character is the result of three factors: (i) The strength of the unmodified instinctive urges. Then only, it will be possible to rehabilitate, recondition and readjust the individual in the society. It is also found that compared to the normal children a larger proportion of mental defectives are found in the Juvenile group. They just did not care, use abusive language and again repeat their aggressive behaviour with more vigour. Inspite of the various rehabilitation programmes developed by different countries of the world, they do not appear to be sufficient to reduce the percentage of delinquency from the society or prevent it significantly. Juvenile delinquency encompasses two general types of behaviors, status and delinquent offenses. about 3 to 5%, delinquent, behaviour is associated with psychotic disorders. Merril took a controlled group and an experimental group, each group with 300 boys and girls. Each delinquent child tries to fulfil his needs in an anti-social manner. Many in the society believe that punishment should be exemplary so that others will not dare to commit it. In Western countries, where separation and divorce of parents are more common, this is a major cause of delinquency. If required, they are given individual therapy, group therapy and psychological counselling. for the delinquents, compared to the average I.Q. For each case a separate file is built up with the detailed case history, type of crime committed and further improvement in behaviour. There is one ‘paan’ (bettle) shop in front of my house. Consequently delinquent behaviour is also learnt behaviour. United States court systems have seen a recent spike in the prevalence of delinquent acts by juveniles. But it is always below 18 years of age which is the statutory age for delinquency. Juvenile delinquency is a big problem that not only affects the victims of the delinquents, but it also affects the juvenile delinquents themselves, their family, and even the society as a whole. Kerala has an incidence rate of only 0.2%. Many ego psychologists view that the modern youth is only a bundle of confusions as far as his values of life is concerned. British and American Investigations reveal that nearly 50 per cent of the delinquents come from broken homes. The teachers of reformatory schools should also keep in mind to act as substitutes of good, warm and understanding parents and help the children to generate a sense of security and involvement. But in 1950 it was noticed that 40,119 children of all the states of India except U.P. Hence, these along with recreational centres should be increased. Studies of Burt in England indicates that there are certain localities from which majority of delinquent children come. According to Uday Sankar’s Study 83% of the Juvenile delinquents came from poor homes, 13% from border line (neither poor nor rich) homes and only 4% came from comfortable homes. Get Your Custom Essay on Solution To Juvenile Delinquency Just from $13,9/Page. Treatment. Like any other country, as reports of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt, of India, shows, there is a steady rise in the percentage of delinquency in India. Children from poor homes also do not get scope for education as they have to supplement the earning of their parents. But in India, though currently separation and divorce cases are increasing day by day, they are not so rampant like their Western counterparts and hence, is not a major cause of delinquency. Most surprisingly, it is common in youths coming from all socio-economic levels. This hostility is transformed in the form of anti-social and delinquent behaviour. The variables of delinquency may broadly be divided into: (A) Personality characteristics of individual factors. Shoemaker (2013) states that juvenile delinquency encompasses set of behaviors that define an individual and are always not in line with the expectations and ethical beliefs of particular social structure and group. There seems to be some siren call that leads young men and women into acts that are frowned upon by society. Here, the delinquent act is the function of terrible personality, maladjustment and disturbances rather than a consistent antisocial orientation. When parents are too much absorbed in their own occupations and activities and do not provide the youth optimum attention, necessary support and encouragement during the crisis period of the growing age, they turn to peers and others as models who might be lacking the qualities of ideal models for the child. Quite a large number of delinquents particularly those who are engaged in theft, prostitution and physical assault are found to be addicted to drugs, like heroin, secobarbital and alcohol. Even in the school these norms may be different. Further they with an attitude of revolt try to teach their parents a lesson. The basic capacities for social relationship has been achieved. The manual training will not only encourage their creative abilities, but also would give them satisfaction. are not properly educated and properly trained, they cannot take proper care of their children. There are many types of juvenile delinquency, from the benign to the life altering serious kind. Offices also, now a days, are engaged in delinquency and the percentage is growing up day by day. An act which is a crime in one society may not be a crime in another society as crimes are acts which violate the rights of a person or property as envisaged by law or tradition. These predisposing characters are precipitated in a gang thus leading to delinquency. One of the physical factors that might influence juvenile delinquency is physical factors, and out of the multiple physical factors, one of it talks about the family’s financial…, Social and Environmental Responsibility Essay. Delinquency is an anti-social behaviour and it creates unrest and indiscipline in the society. (iii) The lack of independence and strength of the super ego. Juvenile Delinquency Is A Considerable Problem Within The United States; Juvenile Delinquency Is A Problem; Juvenile Delinquency Is Not A Crime; Juvenile Delinquency Is Not A Juvenile … One may not believe, but it is true that almost half of the serious crimes in U.S.A. are committed by juveniles. Delinquency undoubtedly is a social evil. Some other studies also show that below 70 I.Q. Discussion In common parlance, there is an understanding of juvenile delinquency as meaning adolescents breaking the law or participating in mischievous behavior. In a limited number of cases, i.e. The delinquents must be dealt with sympathy, understanding and good behaviour. Heally and Bronner found that 92% of the delinquents showed emotional disturbances. Essay on the Causes of Juvenile Delinquency – There is no single cause or simple explanation for the development of delinquent behaviour. Many studies have focused on trying to find ways to reduce juvenile delinquency. These four issues include: the weakparental control and supervision, a broken home or a disintegratingfamily unit, the exposure to violent crime and drug & substanceabuse. With the formation of mass society, influence of technology on society and erosion of values, social disintegration is increasing day by day. The average age for those who are classified as delinquent in the United States is 18. Society as a whole should give up its fear and hostility towards the delinquents and anti-socials. But sociologists and psychologists strongly hold that since Juvenile delinquency refers to the cases of young minds and children at their tender age, one has to deal with such cases very cautiously and carefully. Stott is of opinion that security, affection, love and proper attention from the parents are basically required for the proper growth of personality of the child. But it is always below 18 years of age which is the statutory age for delinquency. In the 1870’s, children were viewed as…, The Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency in School Systems and Communities Joint family system has now become a dream. In the other extreme of the case, when a child develops delinquency many believe that it is due to the fault actions, omissions and commissions of his parents during his childhood. However, bad companionship is never the less an important factor which lead to delinquency, since delinquency is also a learnt behaviour. Lastly we will examine how family factors interact with…, The capture rate for all offenses amongst juveniles achieved its highest peak in twenty years in 1996 and then declined 65% by 2014 (Juvenile arrest rates, n.d.). Due to the recent trends, there is a need to develop intervention for both the youth and their families. Mentally handicapped and retarded children should not be ridiculed by class mates and peers. About 3 to 5 per cent of delinquent behaviour, seems to be directly associated with psychoneurotic disorders. In about 50% of the group, they were persistently present. These data also give clear signal that the Juvenile delinquents as a group, at large, are not mentally defective though they are below average. In India any person between the age of 7 and 18 years, who violates the provisions of the children’s Acts, the IPC and the CPO will be considered as delinquent. However, it is possible that the higher I.Q. Essay # 1. The most common co-occurring mental health disorder for juveniles is depression and delinquent behaviors. Each individual case of delinquency has to be studied separately keeping in view his specific problems. Social behaviour is, as pointed out earlier, a learnt behaviour. They are famous for creating social nuisense. However, delinquency and crime can be reduced social scientists and psychologists can plan to reduce delinquency and crime. They should not be hurt emotionally. Free Juvenile Delinquency Essays and Papers. Article shared by. That parental guidance can be a negative one or a positive one. Lower socio-economic status parents usually remain absent from home for earning their bread. So, he tends to act out his aggressive impulses. A question that has risen is if gangs attract delinquents or if they make juveniles delinquent. They just want to satisfy their destructive tendency, which gives them pleasure. Some of these children of the slum areas invade the industrial belts nearby for some occasional job and are sometimes thrown out because of their inefficiency. While motivation is derived from the Latin word “Movere” which means move, social motivation refers to those social factors and situations which influence the person to behave in a particular style in a society. Odell (1974) has developed a programme that combined educational development and job placement facilitating entry in to the opportunity structure more effective than traditional case work methods in preventing Juvenile recidivision. However, a low intelligence and mental retardation among 5% of the delinquents may be accounted to delinquent behaviour. where they live with both their original parents. Their needs and desires are very much normal, but they have become so because of faulty family upbringing. Poverty, abuse, and family tension are a few of the major reason for a child to become a juvenile delinquent. In addition to other important causes of delinquency, those who feel inadequate and rejected by the group and society join gangs, peer groups and companions and indulge in anti-social activities. In the experimental group, the 300 boys and girls were delinquents while in the control group they were non-delinquents. Results showed that while the average I.Q. Juvenile delinquency entails the term that is used to explain to young people who have not attained majority age and are involved in committing crimes. Wrong handling and faulty upbringing of the child lead to several emotional problems in the child. Tolerance and sense of sacrifice and feeling of cooperation is decreasing day by day. Most delinquents also come from the areas where cinema houses and hotels are located. It makes social life hazardous and dangerous. Introduction to Juvenile Delinquency: Essay # 2. It is evident that there is increase in juvenile crime universally taking place simultaneously because of declining economy. Privacy Policy3. Second place goes to M.P.  “Social Perspectives on Juvenile Delinquency” Artie Swift Kaplan University CJ445: Case Management in Juvenile Justice Unit 8 Final Essay Professor Kathryn Sellers 02/03/2014 The juvenile generation of today has drifted far from the family values that their parents grew up with and tried to pass along to them but there are many loop holes in the generations of yesterday and today. Burks and Harrison (1962) have also stressed the function of stresses which directly threaten the adolescent feeling of inadequacy and worth as precipitating events in some cases of aggressive antisocial behaviour. On the night prior to the Puja day this gang of 10 to 12 boys prepared a feast near the pendal and ate to their heart’s content. Juvenile Delinquency Interview. Fine and Fishman (1968) conducted a study on 155 girls in a State Correctional Institution in Kentuky to know their general personality characteristics. (B) General socio-cultural factors indulging family pattern and interaction, delinquent gang and subculture. Even more intelligent psychopaths and gangs exploit them and include them in their group. These four issues include: the weakparental control and supervision, a broken home or a disintegratingfamily unit, the exposure to violent crime and drug & substanceabuse. After this incident immediately the culprits lied from the spot leaving the injured boy there. Usually it is a homogenious group so far, as sex is concerned. Ample evidences are there to hold that a large percentage of the delinquent children come from poor homes. There is a communication gap and a generation gap. In mass societies there is less scope for mutual interaction and face to face contact. Get Essay There are hazards and mental stress as well as trauma that come with living in a bad neighborhood. Been considered as criminal in every society like murders, theft etc a positive one society erosion! 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