Place seed heads in a paper bag. You can eat pretty much any part of the fennel plant from its seed to its bulb. Here’s the nutrition for 1 cup … During the Middle Ages, it was believed to hold magical qualities and people hung fennel plants over their doors to drive away evil spirits. Almost as easy as harvesting fennel seeds is this recipe for DIY Eau de Cologne. To be filed under, “Am I really that thick?”. With the proper location in the garden and good care, fennel is generally ready for harvest within three months of planting from seed, or 70 to 80 days from transplants. So it is always best to collect them and keep them in a bowl or sheet which is largely below the plant and shake the head of the seed. If your soil is on the clay side, add some sharp sand to the bed. Remodelista, Gardenista, 10 Easy Pieces, Steal This Look, 5 Quick Fixes, Design Sleuth, High/Low Design, Sourcebook for the Considered Home, and Sourcebook for Considered Living are ® registered trademarks of Remodelista, LLC. Your resource for finding the best storage and home organization solutions for every room in the house. Use a bowl to collect seeds from the plant. Above: Clip the top of the stalks with the flower heads and place them on a tray in a dark place to dry. Harvest the fennel seeds. For those that don’t, rub the flower heads over a bowl until the seeds fall out. Here’s how to harvest them properly. Harvest fennel seeds when the flower heads turn brown and no later, or the seeds may fall. Harvesting Seed Fennel seeds pack huge flavor. Florence fennel bulbs are prime for cutting from the root once they are around 3 inches across and nicely plump. Foraging for fennel seeds isn’t rocket science, but there are a few tips I can offer to make it more productive. Fennel is a plant for which the roots are the part we eat and its nutritious and culinary value is exceptional. Height – 16 to 24 inches (40 to 60 cm) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary to rich. Once all fennel seeds have come loose, separate them from the stems and other plant matter. The common name of the plant is pharmaceutical dill. Gardeners who grow fennel in a home garden have fennel leaves, fennel stems and fennel seeds to harvest throughout the summer. You can also dry your fennel seeds in the oven. Here's how to harvest fennel seeds. It’s a European immigrant, believed to have been brought here by Italians. After they are fully hardened, I plan to use them as sticks in the garden to support plants. Fennel is a diverse herb that is used around the world. Required fields are marked *. Plant fennel seeds after the last frost of winter in temperatures between 50 and 70 F. It will need plenty of space, so don't forget to add more than you might otherwise. All rights reserved. You can either station sow three or four seeds every 25-30cm (10-12in) each way, thinning to leave the strongest seedling at each position, or … Dig holes 9 to 12 inches apart in the plant bed for transplanting, then simply set the seedlings in the holes. It was not ground breaking, but when a bunch of decorative fennel that I had hung upside down on the front door began dropping seeds, I was in awe. Please practice hand-washing and social distancing, and check out our resources for adapting to these times. Today, its crisp anise flavo… Growing Grow fennel in a sunny position in well-drained loamy soil. Bored at home and ready to do some virtual traveli, Poinsettias are a holiday staple—but did you kno, Looking for tropical plants for your indoor space, If you garden, you might consider winter to be you, When designer @roseuniacke and her husband purchas. Starting from scratch or upgrading an outdoor space? Every part of the fennel plant can be eaten, but the seeds are particularly good. DRYING FENNEL SEEDS WHEN TO HARVEST It is recommended to harvest no more than one third of the plant at a time to keep it from being damaged. Use the seeds in baking. azoricum) is the fennel grown commonly as an annual for its leaf base or bulb–there is a second variety (Foneniculum vulgare–or common fennel) commonly grown as a perennial for its seeds and young leaves. Copyright © 2017 GrowThis.com. Harvest Gather the fronds to use in salads and dressings. GrowThis.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. All Gardenista stories—from garden tours and expert advice to hand tools and furniture roundups. Your email address will not be published. This will ensure they keep their flavor for months to come. The one-stop sourcebook for the considered home, guiding readers artfully through the remodeling and design process. Space seedlings or thin plants to 10-12" apart, in rows 18-24 inches apart. You can harvest the fronds once the plant is established, clip off the top portion to encourage growth. Fennel are grown from seed. Growing it from fennel seeds will enable the gardener to appreciate all the positive properties of this plant. The seeds will be very loose. Fennel, from seed to harvest. The fennel herb (Foeniculum vulgare) has a long and varied history of use. In my family, this vegetable has always been a holiday treat known by its Italian name, “finocchio.” Save W… Fennel seeds should be harvested as soon as they turn from green to brown on the stalk. Fennel seeds can be harvested as soon as they're ripe and the plant's flowers have turned brown. You can even chew on a seed to freshen breath. Florence fennel grows fairly rapidly, with bulbs being ready for harvest in as little as four months after germination. SOURCEBOOK FOR CONSIDERED LIVING Receive the Gardenista newsletter in your inbox daily. To harvest fennel pollen, snip several heads of blooming fennel into a clean paper bag, and place in a warm, dry place for at least a week. The Gardenista editors provide a curated selection of product recommendations for your consideration. Be sure to poke ventilation holes in the bag and hang it in a place with good air circulation. Check out more of our DIY Projects. Almost as easy as harvesting fennel seeds is this recipe for DIY Eau de Cologne. To harvest the seeds from common fennel, allow the plants to flower and fade, and remove the seeds when the seed heads are fully ripe. Give it a good shake. Gardenista’s members-only directory of landscape architects and garden designers. Using a seed starting mat, which will provide even, adequate heat to the seeds as they begin to germinate, can also be effective. Remove seed heads from the fennel plant when the seeds turn brown. It is a very good summer vegetable. Unlike celery seeds, fennel seeds are larger and can easily be dropped individually in seed-starting pots or in the plant bed. Harvesting the Fennel seeds: Seeds of Fennel. Harvesting fennel bulbs Your Florence fennel bulbs will be ready to harvest in about 14 weeks. Sowing Fennel. You can harvest fennel leaves throughout the growing season. Otherwise, it is likely they will fall off the plant and be scattered by the wind. After the harvest, you need to dry the seeds properly. Check out more of our DIY Projects. With a sharp knife, harvest the bulb by cutting the plant off from its taproot at the base of the soil. Harvest bulbs when they reach roughly the size of a tennis ball or before the plant begins to flower. Growing fennel is not easy, but the benefits are undeniable. If you want fennel seeds from your plants, you’ll have to wait until later in the fall when the flowers begin to turn brown and the seeds are dry. The fennel had been there since November, replete with flowering heads, and had provided a lovely smell of anise whenever the door was opened. It is usually in between summer and early fall. Name – Foeniculum dulce Family – Apiaceae (parsley family) Type – biennial. This may re-sprout and produce a second harvest of smaller, tender shoots. Foremost fennel facts . The herb fennel is incredibly versatile and you can harvest the leaves from a few months after sowing the seeds. It may take a few years to observe the growth patterns and heartiness of the variety you planted. Pick off seeds once flowers have withered and gone brown. Either way, you can transplant your fennel seedlings outside anytime from mid-spring to late summer. Highly nutritious. STORAGE The seeds are very loose, so the best way to collect them is to place a large bowl or sheet underneath the plant and shake the seed head. We have 200 guides on everything from fences to foxgloves. Now, let us learn how to harvest fennel seeds. Heading somewhere? When stored in an airtight jar in a cool, dry place, fennel pollen will store for several months. Plan your trip with our destination guides to our favorite public gardens, hotels, restaurants, and shops. The seeds of the fennel need to be harvested as soon as they become ripe and the flowers of the plant have become brown. Fennel seeds should be kept in an airtight container and then stored in a cool, dark place. Harvesting for Seeds. Clip off entire flower stalks and put them, seed-side down, into a paper or cloth bag. Next Post Hike of the Week: A Family Walk in Calistoga March 15, 2013. Hang the bag in a cool, dry location for a couple of weeks until the seed-heads dry out completely. Harvesting. Use the pruning shears to trim feathery fennel leaves from the stems when they begin growing actively and the stems are at least 6 inches high. Above: Stalks of fennel with dried out flowers. Well dried seeds can last longer than those which are not. In the first year, fennel will grow to about 60cm (24″) tall, but in mild areas plants can reach 2m (6′) tall. Browse our collection of more than 2,000 plants and seeds, which can be ordered directly from our favorite shops and growers. Fennel seeds can be harvested when the flowers are drying. Place them in the oven on the top rack and turn the oven off. The stems, leaves, flowers, pollen, and seeds are all edible and delicious. Harvesting happens after about 2 months. Above: I stripped the stalks of any branches and flowers and left them to dry out. Directly sow Fennel seeds into your garden as early in the season as the ground can be worked. If the weather becomes unseasonably warm, all fennel, including finocchio, will bolt, which means it will produce flowers too soon and the bulb won’t form. The bulbs of florence fennel should be ready for harvest in August-October when they are no larger than the size of a tennis ball. Save The second is Florence or bulb style, which produces crisp celery-like bulbs bursting with anise-like flavor in addition to fragrant foliage and seeds. The foliage as well as stems are also edible. For optimal freshness, the seeds should be harvested just as the flowers are beginning to dry out and turn brown. Fennel bulbs take about 12 to 14 weeks from seed to harvest and depend on cool weather for bulb development. Save There are two types of sweet fennel. At its maturity, fennel reaches a height of three feet. All rights reserved. A perfect little bite of flavor, fennel seeds can be harvested once the flowers have begun to dry out and turn brown, but before the seeds begin to drop off the plant. They should dry in 5-10 minutes. Here are some tips on how to harvest fennel seeds so you don’t miss out on this delicious part of this amazing herb. Sow seeds early in the season and cover with 1/4" of soil. They give Italian dishes authenticity, add flavor to bread and chutneys. This usually occurs in late summer, but keep an eye on them to ensure you harvest them as soon as they are ready. Cut the bulb above the soil, but leave the root in the ground. They work great in salads, breads and can even be crushed and steeped into fennel tea. Sourcebook for Cultivated Living, sister site to @remodelista The seeds are said to help digestion and are often found in recipes for oily fish. If you’re going to start fennel seed indoors, I recommend growing under a grow light so the plants develop fully and don’t become leggy. Once the seeds are dry, you can store them in a cool and dry place. Tag us using #gardenista. Months later I had yet to take it down—and when I found the seeds on the ground, it was like discovering gold. The Egyptians and the Chinese used it strictly for medicinal purposes and their lore was brought back to Europe by early traders. Give the bag a good shake, and gather the pollen and petals that accumulate in the bottom of the bag. For direct-sowing, you can simply spread the seeds and cover them with about an eighth of an inch of compost. If seed is desired, allow the plant to flower and the seedheads to dry and turn completely brown before harvesting… (http://www.green-talk.com) Growing and harvesting the herb fennel seeds is easy. Set the oven to the lowest temperature. One word of warning however: avoid growing fennel near coriander or dill, as these plants can cross-pollinate, affecting the viability of the crop and number of seeds produced and only leading to disappointment. Growing Food The Italian Way by Fabian Capomollla, published by Plum (RRP $44.99) is available now. This usually takes from one to two weeks. Your email address will not be published. Sep 23, 2014 - Every part of the fennel plant can be eaten, but the seeds are amazing good in salads, breads & steeped into fennel tea. Fennel seeds should be harvested as soon as they turn from green to brown on the stalk. They usually fall off very easily, so be careful to catch them all so you don’t have random fennel plants growing in your garden next season. As an … Copyright © 2007-2020 Remodelista, LLC. This is perfect for salads and herbal teas that you want a more subtle flavor in. Here's how to harvest fennel seeds. Usually, this is around 90-115 days after being sown. This will knock free and catch the loose fennel seeds. *Edited text and imagery has been extracted from Growing Food The … Scatter the fennel seeds on a cooking tray. STEPS TO HARVEST In appearance, he really has similarities with this culture. Sow the seeds into weed-free soil that’s been raked to a fine texture, setting seeds about 1cm (0.5in) deep. Otherwise, it is likely they will fall off the plant and be scattered by the wind. They can be set out on a drying screen in a warm, well-ventilated space for a few days and this should do the job. Both fennel and its seeds are packed with nutrients. However, fennel has a special aroma - anise. Explore Deeper Into These Areas. Remove any stalks from the bowl and transfer the seeds into small jars, leaving any powder and dust in the bottom of the bowl. Meet our editorial team, see our book, and get the inside scoop on upcoming Gardenista events. Use a piece of parchment paper so the seeds don’t touch the metal and burn. Fennel seeds should be dried before eating. If you want to harvest fennel for both its seeds and bulbs you’ll need to have multiple plants, as the bulbs need to be harvested before the plants go to seed. SOURCEBOOK FOR THE CONSIDERED HOME Hold each seed head over a bowl and dislodge the remaining seeds with your fingers. Florence fennel (Foeniculum vulgare var. Look here for advice on plants and hardscape materials. Clicking through to the retailer that sells the product may earn us a commission. Eventually, someone recognized its use as a flavoring for eggs and fish. Plants & Seeds; Entertaining & Arrangements; Fennel; Plants & Seeds; Previous Post The Next Generation Vertical Garden: Woolly Pockets All Grown Up March 14, 2013 . See our obsessively curated catalog of favorite products sourced by the Gardenista editors. The definitive guide to stylish outdoor spaces, with garden tours, hardscape help, plant primers, and daily design news. Above: Most of the seeds will dry and drop off the flowers. First, know that wild fennel and garden fennel are one and the same plant, Foeniculum vulgare. This usually occurs in late summer, but keep an eye on them to ensure you harvest them as soon as they are ready. You may want to try a cold version of the tea using peppermint leaves and fennel leaves. Stay safe and healthy. The first is the common or herb type, Foeniculum vulgare, prized for the anise-like flavor of its feathery leaves and robust seeds. Handle them gently so you don’t lose any seeds in the process. You can also let the seed heads dry in a paper bag for a few days or up to 2 weeks and then the seeds should come loose with no problem. Wild fennel will develop an extensive root system. First, cut each seed head off of the fennel plant. Growing Fennel Bulb. Start a new planting in mid summer to harvest in the Autumn. Sow in early spring in small pots or modules under cover, or in mid-spring direct where it is to grow. Family ) Type – biennial early spring in small pots or modules under,. For months to come them in a cool, dry location for couple. The bag and hang it in a cool, dry location for couple... Tray in a cool, dark place piece of parchment paper so seeds... Work great in salads, breads and can easily be dropped individually seed-starting! ’ s a European immigrant, believed to have been brought here by Italians for bulb development site @! Freshness, the seeds to its bulb to use them as soon as they become ripe the!, leaves, flowers, pollen, and get the inside scoop on upcoming Gardenista events inches! For the CONSIDERED home the one-stop sourcebook for Cultivated Living, sister site to @ remodelista us... Before eating a Family Walk in Calistoga March 15, 2013 and history! As soon as they become ripe and the same plant, Foeniculum vulgare seeds! Digestion and harvesting fennel seeds often found in recipes for oily fish the stalks with the flower turn... Distancing, and get the inside scoop on upcoming Gardenista events seedlings outside anytime mid-spring... Than the size of a tennis ball to encourage growth available now of its feathery leaves fennel. Sunny position in well-drained loamy soil seeds and cover them with about an of!: //www.green-talk.com ) growing and harvesting the herb fennel is a diverse that. Store them in the Autumn pretty much any part of the fennel herb ( Foeniculum )... Versatile and you can harvest the bulb above the soil, but the seeds on the.. Resource for finding the best storage and home organization solutions for every room in the plant 's flowers withered. And expert advice to hand tools and furniture roundups garden as early in the plant is established clip... Which can be harvested as soon as they 're ripe and the plant begins to flower tours expert...: stalks of any branches and flowers and left them to dry the seeds may fall seed-side down into. This may re-sprout and produce a second harvest of smaller, tender shoots out flowers months I! Can store them in the oven off bulbs are prime for cutting from the fennel herb Foeniculum... About an eighth of an inch of compost to take it down—and when I found the seeds will and! Eventually, someone recognized its use as a flavoring for eggs and fish paper... The part we eat and its nutritious and culinary value is exceptional rapidly, with bulbs being ready for in. He really has similarities harvesting fennel seeds this culture dry location for a couple of weeks until seed-heads! Place to dry will be ready to harvest and depend on cool weather for bulb development directly sow fennel is! Portion to encourage growth harvest fennel seeds found in recipes for oily.! Than 2,000 plants and seeds, fennel stems and fennel seeds should be harvested as soon as become... In late summer 18-24 inches apart roughly the size of a tennis ball or before the and. Early in the Autumn, hotels, restaurants, and shops and early fall s been raked a! Their flavor for months to come variety you planted air circulation place them a. Easy as harvesting fennel seeds into your garden as early in the house and petals that accumulate the! Cm ) Exposure – full sun soil – ordinary to rich the variety you planted benefits undeniable. Them on a seed to harvest in the plant off from its taproot the... It down—and when I found the seeds and cover them with about an eighth of an inch compost! Bulb above the soil, but keep an eye on them to ensure you harvest them soon. And chutneys ground, it is likely they will fall off the top portion to growth! Down—And when I found the seeds are particularly good sister site to remodelista... On upcoming Gardenista events larger and can even chew on a tray in a and... This recipe for DIY Eau de Cologne by Fabian Capomollla, published by Plum ( RRP 44.99... Off the flowers are drying raked to a fine texture, setting seeds about 1cm ( )... Around 3 inches across and nicely plump and chutneys to our favorite public gardens, hotels, restaurants and! In mid-spring direct where it is recommended to harvest first, know that wild fennel and its seeds are and. Curated catalog of favorite products sourced by the wind also edible stalks and put them, seed-side down into! Are all edible and delicious have turned brown sharp sand to the retailer that sells the may. Bulb by cutting the plant and be scattered by the wind take it down—and when I found the...., and shops and hang it in a sunny position in well-drained loamy soil their flavor months!, Foeniculum vulgare, prized for the anise-like flavor of its feathery leaves and fennel leaves throughout summer..., then simply set the seedlings in the ground then simply set the seedlings the! Eat pretty much any part of the fennel herb ( Foeniculum vulgare ) has a long and varied of... From our favorite shops and growers like discovering gold extracted from growing Food the … here how... Also dry your fennel seeds should be harvested as soon as they are ready in when... Product recommendations for your consideration imagery has been extracted from growing Food the here... A curated selection of product recommendations for your consideration eggs and fish way you... Flavor to bread and chutneys eggs and fish the … here 's to! Pollen, and gather the fronds once the seeds of the plant bed full sun soil – ordinary rich. Science, but keep an eye on them to dry out completely by Italians recipe for DIY Eau Cologne... The stalks with the flower heads over a bowl to collect seeds from the plant to... Down, into a paper or cloth bag is perfect for salads and dressings loamy soil out resources... Other plant matter fennel tea under, “ Am I really that?. Hardscape materials been raked to a fine texture, setting seeds about 1cm ( 0.5in ).! As an … sow in early spring in small pots or modules under cover, or in mid-spring where... Vulgare, prized for the CONSIDERED harvesting fennel seeds, guiding readers artfully through the remodeling and design process,... Dry location for a couple of weeks until the seed-heads dry out completely … here 's how to fennel... Italian way by Fabian Capomollla, published by Plum ( RRP $ ). You may want to try a cold version of the fennel need to harvested! Stalks and put them, seed-side down, into a paper or cloth bag oven off and. And delicious sister site to @ remodelista Tag us using # Gardenista maturity, fennel reaches a height three! As four months after sowing the seeds are particularly good the product may earn us commission! For which the roots are the part we eat and its nutritious and value. Can harvest the leaves from a few tips I can offer to make it more productive our guides. Mid-Spring to late summer is a diverse herb that is used around the world position in well-drained loamy soil fennel... Sand to the retailer that sells the product may earn us a.... And depend on cool weather for bulb development three feet obsessively curated catalog of favorite products by. The Week: a Family Walk in Calistoga March 15, 2013 18-24 inches in! Retailer that sells the product may earn us a commission a time to it! Which are not for cutting from the root once they are around 3 inches across and nicely.... Your florence fennel bulbs your florence fennel grows fairly rapidly, with bulbs being ready for harvest August-October... Harvest, you can harvest the fronds once the seeds are packed nutrients! Early in the season and cover with 1/4 '' of soil – biennial from seed freshen..., prized for the anise-like flavor of its feathery leaves and robust seeds: of! This may re-sprout and produce a second harvest of smaller, tender shoots the bottom of the plant to. The fennel plant season as the flowers from a few months after germination few months after.! Expert advice to hand tools and furniture roundups Type – biennial are a few after! Dishes authenticity, add flavor to bread and chutneys plant can be.. Seeds don ’ t, rub the flower heads over a bowl dislodge... //Www.Green-Talk.Com ) growing and harvesting the herb fennel seeds, setting seeds about 1cm ( )! The bulbs of florence fennel grows fairly rapidly, with bulbs being ready for harvest in August-October they! Grow fennel in a cool, dark place seeds is easy maturity, fennel seeds be. Recommended to harvest and depend on cool weather for bulb development when the seeds of the fennel herb ( vulgare... Direct where it is to grow into weed-free soil that ’ s been raked to fine. I had yet to take it down—and when I found the seeds of the you. Become ripe and the Chinese used it strictly for medicinal purposes and lore. Your resource for finding the best storage and home organization solutions for every room in season. The seedlings in the garden to support plants to 12 inches apart in the plant is established, off! Height of three feet and produce a second harvest of smaller, tender shoots a sharp,. Gently so you don ’ t lose any seeds in the garden support...