You are going to do this drill initially out of the water. Use the correct arm movement. Required fields are marked *. The push: the palm pushes backward through the water, underneath and at the side of the body. 'o this activity two to three times throughout the course oI the swim lessons session. “Everything has to operate in unison in order to do this properly.” Perhaps not surprisingly, the secret to a good dolphin kick lies not only in technique but in physiology. Starting with your arms extended above your head (shoulder width apart), pull your hands towards your body in a semicircular motion, palms facing outwards. The palms are first facing upwards and then progressively rotate until they are facing downwards at the end of the recovery. Your movements have to be co-ordinate in such a way that one movement of the body assists the effective execution of another. Swimmers are known for their strong shoulders and V-shaped bodies tapering to slim waists and hips. The arms should stretch out in front of the body above the water surface and be led into the water by the thumb. Butterfly . We travel to swim carnivals every second weekend so he can compete and some are over 300km’s away. Michael Phelps swims the butterfly, a stroke whose arm and leg motions were developed by different people at different times. Sit […] Butterfly requires a lot of movement at the spine and shoulder joint. When performed correctly, the movement provides the propulsion and drive needed to keep the overall stroke smooth and efficient. Hi, I'm Christophe! 4. Because both of your arms go out and over the water at the same time. The butterfly technique with the dolphin kick consists of synchronous arm movement with a synchronous leg kick. When doing a butterfly pullup, you’ll quickly notice fatigue in your stomach and forearms–sometimes even before your arms start to get tired. Later swimmers used two dolphin kicks to one arm pull. The frog kick originally used was abandoned for a fishtail (dolphin) kick, depending only on up-and-down movement of the legs. The idea was to understand more about that kick.”. See how your butterfly pull can go wrong and lead to wasted effort. Focus point :Finger tips down, palms backwards. 1. The arm speed underwater builds up after the catch and is the highest during the upsweep. The dolphin kick is the name given to the dolphin-like kick of the legs used … In the summer of 1934, he began to seriously think about the different ways that animals propelled themselves through water. In 1945, Nagasawa set a world record using the butterfly. Sit […] Butterfly pull ups are not easy to learn. 4) The hands move backward and inwards towards the chest. ARM´S MOVEMENT. Use this momentum to throw the arms out of the water and start the recovery. Do this activity two to three times throughout the course of the swim lessons session. Originally, the stroke used today’s butterfly arm movement with a breaststroke kick. Butterfly Technique – Arm Stroke Movements; The Dolphin Kick Technique in the Butterfly Stroke; Swimming Butterfly – How to Breathe; Swimming Drills to Learn the Butterfly Stroke; Overview of Common Swimming Strokes / Styles; Enjoy Swimming Home; About The Author. The initial arm movement is similar to the breast stroke, with the hands and palms facing out. The arm movement in butterfly stroke can be broken down into three parts: the pull, the push and the recovery. Underwater, the hands move from an overhead position towards the hips. Beginner butterfliers will be tempted to pull straight down towards the bottom of the pool in order to bring their head above the water. During the outsweep, your arms transition from the extended forward position into a position where your palms and the bottom of your forearms are facing backward. 1. It is arguably the most aesthetically pleasing stroke, a balance between power and grace. 1 Position With hands, draw an outline of a large keyhole by pressing in at the chest, then pressing out toward the hips. First, they start off extended forwards then you pull them down towards the chest then outwards towards the hips. Just like in freestyle where you want to have an early vertical forearm, so it is with the butterfly. The arms then recover forward above water back to their initial position. Swimming to see if they were interested, and the timing was good,” Mittal told me. The release occurs at the highest point of the body undulation when the shoulders clear the water. Begin as before, against the poolside ready to push away. Here’s how to do the butterfly stroke: The butterfly stroke has three major parts, the pull, the push, and the recovery. The pull: Like in breastroke, the hands sink a little bit down. Butterfly drills/ arms. The most speed swimmer gets by doing the arm stroke. The butterfly stretch exercise stretches your inner thighs, groin, hips, and lower back. 3) The chest starts to rise. Use the correct arm movement. In 2003, Rajat Mittal, now a mechanical-engineering professor at Johns Hopkins University, began working with a graduate student, Alfred von Loebbecke, and others to apply their research—analyzing the physics of complex flows using numerical simulations—to human swimmers. Push your palms backward. This is the pull. Begin as before, against the poolside ready to push away. Today, this isn’t the case, and it’s one of the reasons people can be resistant to working on improving it. It is arguably the most aesthetically pleasing stroke, a balance between power and grace. Butterfly Technique Edit 1. The butterfly stroke is one of the most difficult swimming strokes because it requires precise technique in addition to good rhythm. BUTTERFLY / ARM MOVEMENT Stand with arms straight overhead. Your email address will not be published. 1. Edit. Your hands then sweep down … We can see the butterfly arm stroke movements in the following video, starring Michael Phelps. This is called “catching the water”. The only way to get better is to practice, and there are many drills you can perform to … This is the first propulsive phase of the arm stroke. The arm movement and kick of what we now call the butterfly were developed independently. This exercise may also cause some knee discomfort. The wave-like body movement is also very significant in creating propulsion, as this is the key to easy synchronous over-water recovery and breathing. The butterfly movement can only be done on a butterfly apparatus. Your hands should be about shoulder width apart, and your elbows bent. At the beginning of the recovery the elbows are always bent. It is extremely important to breathe forwards and not laterally when performing this drill. In the nineteen-thirties, Armbruster, with his swimmer Jack Sieg, began to experiment with a dolphin-like kick. Focus on the undulating body action and allow the arms to follow naturally. Butterfly. The most speed swimmer gets by doing the arm stroke. Christophe. The arms work together in a butterfly stroke, coming together in front of the body to catch and pull the water. swim meet, where he beat the American medley champion Wallace Spence. During the butterfly stroke, the arms are constantly moving together. The arm is not an overhead throw and stays close to the surface of the water throughout entering the width of your hips. © 2020 Condé Nast. So here is my drill: Wait... Get Your Lesson Plans Here. The shape drawn by your hands in the water looks like a keyhole pattern: first, your hands separate during the outsweep, then they converge while moving below your chest, then they separate again and move towards the hips. This is the pull. Likewise, the one-arm drill, the 3,3,3 butterfly stroke drill is a good drill to focus on specific aspects of the arm movement during butterfly, you can work on things like hand placement, feeling the line of your stroke and improving the pulling and pushing movements. Your arms recover forward in a half-circular fashion and hover above the water surface. This is because, the hips move up and down two times; first, at the time when the arms are sideways, and second, when they are in the forward position. After a period of controversy, the butterfly was recognized as a distinct competitive stroke in 1953. I'm the owner of and main contributor to Enjoy-Swimming.com. Entry: The hands enter the water, softly, fingers first in advance of the head in line with the shoulders. The New Yorker may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. After all, who doesn’t want to swim like a dolphin – intermittently flying above the water and plunging right back into the blue! Bring arms back overhead. Starting with your arms extended above your head (shoulder width apart), pull your hands towards your body in a semicircular motion, palms facing outwards. If you are prone to lower-back discomfort, take extra care to lean forward from your hips rather than rounding your lower back. Once they can do the 4 kicks one pull they must try and get 2 arm pulls into the 4 kicks. This butterfly technique article explains how to execute the arm stroke movements properly. Butterfly Arm Movement Why is the butterfly stroke often considered to be the most difficult of the competitive strokes? Doing butterfly pull ups is one of the fastest ways to speed up your workout time in exercises like Fran, Cindy, Helen, and Angie. The butterfly arm stroke can be divided into the following phases: We will now analyze the different phases of this butterfly technique in more detail. By 1954, the stroke was officially recognized as the “butterfly” by the International Swimming Federation. Arm stroke in butterfly swimming is the most important technical element. The butterfly stretch exercise stretches your inner thighs, groin, hips, and lower back. This is the pull. The arm movement in butterfly stroke can be broken down into three parts: the pull, the push and the recovery. As with other paradigm-shifting inventions, like jazz music and the croissant, the butterfly stroke is the result of a series of small innovations rather than of any single big one. Your arms should leave the water before they are completely extended and before your hands reach the hips. This is the pull. The undulating body movement is assisted by the core muscles in the stomach (abdominal) and side abdominals (obliques) and muscles along the length of the spine ( the paraspinal muscles) You then move them from the hip area above the water to the extended position forwards. The elbow should be fully extended by the time it is fully submerged back into the water, directly in a straight line with the torso. The no-kick butterfly drill is a great drill to learn to use leverage and … Wilson then tried to popularize his new kick through demonstrations at swim meets, and even won an Olympic trial, in 1938, before being disqualified for using an illegal technique, an anecdote noted in passing in Richard Rhodes’s seminal 1986 book, “The Making of the Atomic Bomb.” But, in his day, Wilson’s contribution to the sport was mostly overlooked. Because both of your arms go out and over the water at the same time. The body movement for butterfly stroke is a continuous undulating action that requires strength and power. Michael Phelps - Butterfly 1/3 [Underwater Camera]. It was only a matter of time before arms met legs—but when exactly it occurred is difficult to say. “He couldn’t do it then, and neither could I.”. It follows a semicircle that ends in front of the chin. How to increase brand awareness through consistency; Dec. 11, 2020 a biomechanical analysis of the butterfly stoke. Your elbows are still bent and move a little bit away from the rib cage. Otherwise, with extended arms, you will be pushing water upwards instead of backward. To do so, after extending your arms forward, your hands move outwards, downwards and backward, with your palms successively facing those directions. Starting with your arms extended above your head (shoulder width apart), pull your hands towards your body in a semicircular motion, palms facing outwards. “We looked at a number of underwater videos of Natalie Coughlin and Michael Phelps, and they had an incredible amount of fluidity in the way they were essentially able to flip and flop their legs back and forth in the dolphin kick,” Mittal said. One arm only: swim the butterfly using just one arm without moving the other or with it extended out in front of you or along your side. 6 streamlined dolphin kicks + 1 butterfly arm stroke landing the arms out in front for the next 6 kicks or 4 dolphin kicks + 1 normal butterfly arm pull land in front. Arm stroke in butterfly swimming is the most important technical element. Entry. Butterfly is hard, but it doesn’t have to be. Instead of Wilson, credit for the dolphin kick usually goes to David Armbruster, who coached swimming at the University of Iowa from 1917 to 1958. Butterfly swimming arms. Essentially your hands must reach your thighs. The dramatic arm stroke can be traced back to around 1930, when most competitive swimmers still used the traditional breaststroke. Will be used in accordance with our Privacy Policy. Right arm is pushed forward leading with the elbow until forearm over takes it entering with hands first and extended arm. As explained above, during the outsweep, do not move your hands all the way up to your hips. The body roll begins with one arm coming out of the water in scapula upward rotation with the elbow flexed as about ninety degrees, coming back into contact with the water directly in line with the head with a slicing hand motion. Thank you from a very supportive mum. Dec. 15, 2020. Butterfly was first introduced as a variation of breaststroke in the 1930’s. Catch •Move body forward push water back •Fingers pointing down, palm facing back •Elbow bend so forearm angles vertically . Edit. I'm an avid swimmer and I … At the end of the … Also, during the outsweep, your elbows should stay high, close to the water surface. 1 Position:ith hands, draw an outline oI a large keyhole by pressing in at the chest, then pressing out toward the hips. Top 5 Tips for an effective body movement. And though it is difficult to master, it is fun. It is extremely important to breathe forwards and not laterally when performing this drill. He remained an avid swimmer until his death, in 2006, at the age of ninety-six. I have a 12 year old son who loves swimming, his favorite stroke is butterfly. Begin in a torpedo position. At the end of the recovery your elbows can either be straight or slightly bent. This is the beginning of the propulsive phase of the arm stroke. Your arms leave the water in this order: shoulders, elbows, forearms, and hands with the pinkie first, palms facing inwards. You should use the momentum of the release to begin the recovery of your arms. This is the second propulsive phase of the arm stroke and it stops before your arms are completely extended. In the pool at the Chicago Athletic Club, he began to experiment with a new kind of leg movement for human swimmers: the dolphin kick. The body position should be kept as horizontal as possible to keep frontal resistance to a minimum. During the insweep, your hands move inwards, backward and upwards, from outside the shoulders to below your chest. Good technique is crucial to swim this style effectively. When an amateur swimmer tries to learn the butterfly, a couple of questions might come to mind in between gasps for air: Who invented this flummoxing stroke, and why? Starting with your arms extended above your head (shoulder width apart), pull your hands towards your body in a semicircular motion, palms facing outwards. The head breaks the surface of the water for inhaling, but the breath is timed with the portion of the stroke where the arms press against the surface of the water and briefly lift the body naturally. 1) The chest is pressed downwards, then released. Pull your … Use the correct arm movement. Your arms are either completely straight or slightly flexed at the elbows. Use the correct arm movement. © 2010-2020 Enjoy-Swimming.com. Butterfly arm action The arm action can be split into three propulsive, simultaneous sweeps. ARM´S MOVEMENT. This movement was popularized by the sport of CrossFit®. Chest muscles (pectorals ‘pecs’) Upper/middle back muscles (latissimus dorsi ‘lats’ and trapezius) Upper arm muscles (biceps and triceps) Hip flexors (rectus femoris and iliopsoas) Hamstrings. 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